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Types Of Anxiety Disorders


Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

Treatment For Anxiety DisordersAnxiety is characterized by excessive worry about a lot of things. It is the tendency to anticipate the worst case scenario is likely to happen and underestimating one’s own ability to cope with the anticipated problems. The primary goal of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy is to decrease excessive worry and modify one’s beliefs about worry. Clients will work on changing their tendency to overestimate threat and learn new strategies.

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy has been shown to be highly effective in treating Generalized Anxiety Disorder compared to other therapeutic interventions. People treated with Cognitive Behaviour Therapy have a higher likelihood of maintaining their gains after treatment is completed than those being treated with medication alone.

Social Anxiety

Social connection is important however for many people it triggers worry and fear. This may be caused by fear of being judged, criticised or rejected by others and perhaps include feelings of embarrassing oneself. Social anxiety affects many people at some point in their lives. Often people respond by experiencing a lot of distress or by avoiding important situations.

Many outcome studies have demonstrated Cognitive Behaviour Therapy to be one of the most effective approaches to overcoming social anxiety. Specific goals are collaboratively chosen to work on both during sessions and in tasks between sessions. For example goals could include socializing more comfortably, dating, delivering presentations, performing, networking and interviewing, improving self-confidence amongst others.

Someone with Social Anxiety will experience certain social situations to be so anxiety provoking that they will either avoid them or endure them with significant distress. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for this type of anxiety involves reducing the number of situations that are avoided as well as changing the anxious thoughts that typically occur in these situations.


Illness Anxiety Disorder is also known as Health Anxiety. Many people live in fear of being seriously ill when no symptoms of serious illness exist. Considerable time may be spent on internet research about health conditions. Reassurance from online research and visits with medical professionals may provide temporary relief but the fear returns. People may make unnecessary visits to health professionals for many medical opinions and have unnecessary tests and procedures performed on themselves. Others with Illness Anxiety Disorder may avoid health care professionals and health-related information. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy is the most effective treatment for people with health anxiety to learn to tolerate uncertainty about their health status and their physical sensations.

Panic Disorder

People with Panic Disorder experience recurring panic attacks which are a sudden surge of intense fear that triggers physical reactions when there is no danger or apparent cause. The physical sensations can include rapid heart rate, chest pain, sweating, shaking, dizziness, shortness of breath, a sense of doom, fear of losing control. The sensations can come on suddenly and at any time. People can make unnecessary visits to their doctor. Test results are typically negative.

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy can help reduce the intensity and frequency of panic attacks. It can help you understand that panic attacks and panic disorder are not dangerous. Treatment will demonstrate how to cope with panic attacks. Once the sensations of panic no longer feel threatening the panic attacks often resolve. Treatment can help you overcome your fears of situations you may be avoiding. Medications may help control symptoms associated with panic.

Commonly Asked Questions about Anxiety

What causes Anxiety?

Anxiety disorders are among the most debilitating psychological conditions experienced today by millions of people worldwide. There are no clear boundaries between normal and abnormal anxiety. A clinical anxiety disorder tends to be more exaggerated, unrealistic, intense, persistent and interfering with daily living than nonclinical anxiety states. The thought of imminent danger and fear is at the heart of all anxiety. Anxiety declines naturally if left alone. However, the way you think determines whether anxiety continues or declines. People with anxiety disorders tend to catastrophize or overestimate the likelihood and the intensity of threat and danger. Therefore catching and correcting your catastrophic thinking is an important strategy for reducing fear and anxiety.

How can Cognitive Behavior Therapy help with anxiety?

Cognitive Behevaior Therapy is an organized psychological treatment that teaches people how to change the thoughts and beliefs that play an important role in anxiety. The way we think influences the way we feel. Therefore changing how we think can change how we feel. The therapy focuses on everyday experiences to teach how to change your emotional thinking and beliefs by evaluating them and implementing action plans to reduce anxiety. Changing one’s thinking about anxiety is important. It is equally important to change your behaviour and act differently in response to anxiety. Behaviour change is an important part of cognitive therapy. One can consider cognitive therapy like a mental fitness training program for fear and anxiety.

How effective is CBT for anxiety disorders?

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy has been shown in dozens of scientific clinical outcome studies to be an effective treatment for many forms of anxiety disorders. Sixty to eighty percent of people with anxiety who complete a course of cognitive therapy (10 to 20 sessions) will experience a significant reduction in their anxiety. This is equivalent to or better than the effectiveness of medication alone. In many studies, cognitive behaviour therapy showed longer lasting improvement than medication alone. It is substantially more effective for anxiety than doing nothing at all or getting basic supportive counselling.

What about medication for anxiety?

Many people with an anxiety disorder start taking medication before they begin psychotherapy. Even if your medication has been effective in reducing your anxiety you may want some cognitive therapy to help with the return of anxiety once you stop taking medication. Cognitive therapy is designed to help you tolerate anxiety rather than avoid it and many medications eliminate anxiety or are used to avoid anxious feelings. eliminate anxiety or are used to avoid anxious feelings.


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Memberships & Accreditations

Active member of the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies

Certified Diplomate with the Academy of Cognitive Therapy

Certified Cognitive Behaviour Therapist by the Canadian Association of Cognitive and Behavioural Therapies

Active member of the International Association for Cognitive Psychotherapy

Active member of the Anxiety and Depression Association of America

Affiliate member of the European Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies

Active member of the International OCD Foundation

Certificate of completion of the Behaviour Therapy Training Institute for OCD 2017 offered by the International OCD Foundation Training Institute

Active member of the TLC Foundation for Body-Focused Repetitive Behaviors

Active member of the Association for Contextual Behavioral Science

What if I am not sure if CBT therapy is right for me?

Remember that you do not need to commit to a minimum number of sessions. read more

How can I maximize my gains during therapy?

Prepare for each session with an agenda of what you wish to discuss during each session. read more